The centralized cytological laboratory (CTL) was organized on the basis of the Kyiv City Oncology Center in 1978. At that time 3 laboratory technicians, 6 assistant medical assistants and 2 younger nurses worked in the laboratory. The head of the laboratory was L.V. Kuzmenkova, who occupied this post until 1997. The laboratory was engaged, mainly, in early cytological diagnostics of underlying, pre-tumor and tumor diseases of the cervix in the city of Kiev.
In the year 1990, the CTL became the cytological laboratory of the Kyiv City Oncology Center. In addition to the screening of cervical cancer, the laboratory began to engage in early cytological diagnostics of underlying, epidural and tumor diseases of other localizations such as the mammary gland, lungs, urinary tract, and others.
During this period 5 laboratory technicians and 16 assistant physicians worked in the laboratory. The work was carried out upon team-based approach of reviewing cytological preparations.
In 1997 the laboratory was headed by N.V.Sobko. At present the cytological laboratory is part of the clinical diagnostic laboratory of the Kyiv City Oncology Hospital.
Since 2002 the cytological laboratory has become an independent unit of Kyiv City Clinical Oncology Center with 2 working in-service doctors, 4 assistant physicians and 3 assistant nurses.
The work of the laboratory consists of two divisions: diagnostic cytology and analysis of screening for cervical cancer in the city of Kiev.
Since 2010 the head of the laboratory has been Valentyna Mykolaivna Krasnopolska.
On average, a cytological laboratory performs approximately 37,000 diagnostic studies of nearly 10,000 patients a year. About 33% of them are benign processes and 67% are malignant.
Doctors-laboratory assistants (cytologists) work in close contact with clinicians and pathologists (cytological comparisons), consult doctors from other medical institutions of the city on early cytological diagnostics of underlying, pre-tumor and tumor diseases.
Laboratory staff constantly improves their professional level on advanced training courses, seminars and scientific conferences.
The laboratory has been publishing scientific researches since its establishment.